Ancient papyrus III century BC, the time of Pharaoh Ptolemy II Philadelph, say the creation of the first mechanical man. Aristotle spoke of a statue of Venus with a mechanism inside it, through which it could move. Homer in the Iliad wrote about humanlike creatures. And the Roman emperor Charles V loved mechanical toys in the form of foot and horse knights, who marched and fought among themselves. All this indicates that people at all times were interested in mechanical devices that imitate the appearance and behavior of a person.
Recently on American website Forbes articles began to appear, the author of which is specified Narrative Science (literally, "telling science"). It is a technology that allows you to create a coherent text without human intervention, and, if before the robots journalists only worked with dead statistics and wrote about sport results or financial forecasts, they can now compose and quasi political lyrics. Western authors, who now have to consider the robots as their competitors, are actively discussing the pros and cons brings to journalism this technology.
The sensor, which provides the "feeling" of the robot, giving it the robot recognizes the object with which to work.
As soon as the first samples of more or less developed robots, the man wanted mechanical creatures have replaced it in many dangerous places. For example, without the robot Dante II person would ever looked in the crater of an active volcano. Without the robot Sojourner to our knowledge of Mars would have been much more scarce. This unit in 1997 landed on the planet's surface and transmitted to Earth a huge number of photos.
We know that most of the information about the external world around the person receives with the help of vision and further processes the received information by using the apparatus of analysis and interpretation of visual information. Therefore, in the last century the question arose about the possibility of native implementation of this process. Machine vision is a necessary component of modern technology.